Habitat Somali Organization

HAP supports local ESP efforts because of their significant impact on protecting the environment. An “ESP” is an environmentally responsible and healthy place to live and work. ESP includes the following Programs:

  • Safeguarding water and water efficiency
  • Energy efficiency and renewable energy
  • Conservation of materials and resources
  • Indoor environmental quality Most of the country is typically sparse savanna with few forested areas. According to the World Band, 55% of Somalia’s land area is suitable for grazing, while the FAO estimate is lower, 29%, but still shows greater for livestock production. Official estimates of Somalia’s forest cover refer to 52,000 hectares of “dense” forest and 5.7 million hectares of “low-density wood” (Somalia, 1987, ch. 7), this means that 9% of the total land is low-density woodland – savanna woodlands. This is to indicate the country’s limited amount of wood resources, which mainly consist of Acacias trees. On the other hand, Somalia has the longest coastline in Africa, which stretches a distance of about 3300 km in both the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.